I snapped this photo of Niagara No. 6003 at the Englewood terminal in Chicago in July 1954, about a year before this locomotive was taken out of service and consigned to the scrapyard. Sadly, the Niagaras had little chance to prove their mettle before the NYC opted for diesel power. By the time of this photo they had been bumped from the Central's premier varnish and relegated to local or mail and express trains, or placed in freight service. As they neared retirement, many of the Central's modern steam locomotives lost their cylinder head caps as shown here. The S-1s had Baker valve motion, in common with all modern New York Central steam power except the lone S-2, No. 5500. They were fitted with a diesel-like air horn as well as a steam whistle, and this sometimes foiled steam photography buffs lying in wait for a shot at this fast-fading breed. They featured the 14-wheel "centipede" or PT tender that carried 18,000 gallons of water and 46 tons of coal. Like other high-speed New York Central steam power, the Niagaras were equipped to scoop water on the fly from long pans set between the rails.